The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by the United Nations in 2015, puts follow-up and review processes at the heart of global and national efforts to achieve the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). According to the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), for success to be recorded with the goals and by extension, sustainable development as a whole, all sectors (including international agencies) and levels of government play significant roles in benchmarking and assessing progress on each of the 17 SDGs.
As the goals launches into the third (3rd) year in September, we present below some of the publications signaling Nigeria’s thrust towards attainment of objectives, as well as some of the opportunities the country may seize to ensure that the goals are not only well accounted for, but they are achieved as envisaged.
Title: Nigeria: Sustainable Development Goals Baseline Report 2016
Publisher: The Office of the Senior Special Assistant to the President on SDGs, Federal Government of Nigeria & the National Bureau of Statistics, Nigeria.
Year of Publication: 2017
It is fundamental to ascertain the thriving potential of projects or ideas, as well as examine performance indicators whilst navigating towards set goals. Hence, this report serves as a first step towards the monitoring and evaluation of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in Nigeria.
The “Nigeria: Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Indicators Baseline Report
2016” is a 100- page document put together by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), in
collaboration with the Office of Senior Special Assistant to the President on SDGs
and the United Development Programme (UNDP). It provides a benchmark of the statistical information required for monitoring progress in the implementation of SDGs in Nigeria. The report also serves to evaluate the progress achieved in the implementation of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals in Nigeria.
Sources such as the Nigerian Living Standard Survey (NLSS), Nigerian Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS), General Household (Panel) Survey, Multiple Indicators Cluster SURVEY (MICS) bestow a high level of credibility on the report.
However, only 126 out of the 230 Indicators of the SDGs are captured as omissions are ascribed to inaccessibility of data.
Although clearly well researched and comprehensive, the publication reveals significant gaps in research and reporting relating to the 104 indicators not captured.
*The report can be accessed on the NBS website.
Title: United Nations Sustainable Development Partnership Framework
Publisher: Office of the UN Resident Coordinator – Nigeria
Date published: July, 2017
The “United Nations Sustainable Development Partnership Framework (UNSDPF- 2018-2022)” is a 76-page document that outlines the strategic direction and results expected from the cooperation between the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the UN System in Nigeria.
It is said to serve as a collective support and response of the UN system to the national development initiatives of the Government regarding the Economic Recovery and Growth Plan (ERGP), the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), Africa Union Agenda 2063 and other internationally agreed declarations. An estimated $4.2 billion will be required over the five-year programme cycle.
The framework is built on several principles which includes the UN programming principles. Such principles include: effective partnerships, human rights, inclusive development, gender equality and women empowerment, sustainable development, resilience and accountability.
Efforts to formulate the UNSDPF from rigorous and inclusive county analytics through the Joint Common County Analysis (CCA); and drawing lessons and experiences from MDGs, is quite commendable.
The strategic priority result areas identified and elaborated as central to the framework are:
- Governance, human rights, Peace and Security
- Equitable and Quality Basic services
- Sustainable and Inclusive Economic growth and Development.
From the document, it is believed that the United Agencies, will work in close collaboration with and under the guidance of the Federal and State Governments to implement the programmes and projects under the UNSDPF.
Some of coordination mechanism to be employed include the “DAO” (Delivering as One) mechanism and coordination mechanisms of the Government.
Part of the internal risks shared includes insufficient resources which may lead to the failure of the UN agencies to meet their commitments; as well as external risks such as sudden change in the global political scene, instability in the prices of crude, and world economic order. All these may also draw back the achievement of the framework.
The proposed Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) mechanisms is founded on the endorsed 17 SDGs which is quite laudable. Nonetheless, in a situation where the 17 SDGs fail to have a strong foot-hold in Nigeria due to inability to attain the goals as seen from the data shared in the document, what would be the fate of the UNSDPF?
Title: Global Opportunity Report 2018
Publisher: DNV GL AS
Date of Publication: 2018
Sustainability, as originally phrased in the Brundtland Report is meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Therefore, if the world is to achieve all targets of the UN Sustainable Development Goals, then it must see the challenges as opportunities.
The fourth edition of the annual Global Opportunity Report, outlines four main goals it focuses on and how new market opportunities may be derived from each of these goals to meet business solutions.
With colorful graphical illustrations, infographics and images, the report maps bu
siness opportunities that directly address the challenging, four cross-cutting goals that are most likely to miss their 2030 targets: Goal 10 “Reduced Inequalities”, Goal 12 “Responsible Consumption and Production”, Goal 13 “Climate Action”, and Goal 14 “Life Below Water.”
Health, food, water, and energy are four of the biggest markets featured as excellent illustrations of how future markets will emerge in two key areas:
- The intersection between specific markets
- The edge of existing markets
Furthermore, the report gives a broader view of each of these goals with a breakdown of opportunities, solutions and impact in meeting targets.
The publication may be perceived as a follow up of conversations from previous reports with an extensive consideration for all 17 SDGs and how the business environment may better tap into the opportunities presented by each of these goals, whilst achieving set targets, if “no one will truly be left behind”.
Sustainable Development is not just about setting laudable goals, but, looking back at due time, with tangible achievements. To achieve this, partnerships and collaborations, together with effective monitoring, tracking, and evaluation of progress are key to success.