The Scottish government has put forward proposals that would help the country’s carbon emissions drop to 66% by 2032. The country has already beaten its 2020 target of reducing 42% of its emissions in 2014, six years ahead of time.
In 2016, Scotland committed to reducing carbon emissions to 80% by 2050, while increasing the 2020 interim target to 50%. Scottish Cabinet Secretary for Environment, Climate Change and Land Reform, Roseanna Cunningham gave details on how to achieve the plan. She stated that a fully decarbonized electricity sector and 80% of domestic heat coming from low-carbon sources will help in achieving their goal.
The new policy to be achieved by 2032 costing up to £3bn a year will require:
o 40% of all new cars and vans sold in Scotland to be ultra-low-emission by 2032, with 50% of Scotland’s buses to be low-carbon.
o The repairing of 250,000 hectares of degraded peatlands, which store a total of 1.7 gigatonnes of CO2 in Scotland.
o A totally carbon-free electricity sector based entirely on renewable energy sources by 2032, when Scotland’s last nuclear power station will close.
o Four out of five of Scotland’s 2m homes to be heated using low-carbon technologies.
o At least 30% of Scotland’s vital publicly owned ferry fleet to be low-carbon, powered by hybrid engines.
o An increased annual woodland creation target to create at least 15,000 hectares per year.
According to Mrs. Cunningham, “Our proposals for further deep cuts in emissions represent a new level of ambition which will help maintain Scotland’s reputation as a climate leader within the international community”. “That debate will help ensure the final version of the Climate Change Plan provides us with a blueprint for a fairer, greener, more prosperous nation.”