The EU is calling for a global approach to reducing greenhouse gas emissions from international shipping – a large and growing source of emissions. As a first step, large ships using EU ports will be from 2018 required to report their verified annual emissions and other relevant information.
Shipping emissions are predicted to increase between 50% and 250% by 2050 – depending on future economic and energy developments.
The EU and its Member States have a strong preference for a global approach led by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) as this will be most effective.
In 2016 the IMO in its MEPC 70 meeting reached an agreement on a global data collection system as the next step in their action to tackle CO2 emissions Draft guidelines for administration, data verification procedures, and draft guidelines are still yet to be developed, that work will continue through a correspondence group set to meet mid- 2017. Also MEPC 70 agreed to develop a Road Map for addressing CO2 emissions from international shipping, with initial CO2 reduction commitments to be agreed to by 2018.
The European Commission (EC) contributes €10 million funding to an EC-IMO energy efficiency project.
The 4-year project aims to establish Maritime Technology Cooperation Centres in 5 regions: Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Latin America and the Pacific.
Through technical assistance and capacity-building, the centres will promote the uptake of low carbon technologies and operations in maritime transport in the less developed countries in the respective region.
This will also support the implementation of the internationally agreed energy efficiency rules and standards (EEDI and SEEMP).