The United Nation’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights sets out fundamental human rights that all peoples and nations are expected to promote in order to, amongst other things, promote social progress and better standards of life.
Amnesty International (AI), a global movement that campaigns against abuse of human rights publishes this briefing to expose and condemn war crimes and terrorism and also to reiterate the dangers of human rights violation to the stability of fragile communities..
Based on evidences from 15 interviews with victims of Giwa Barracks (detention barracks for captured suspected terrorists in Maiduguri Borno-State, Nigeria), this briefing gives insight to the causes of deaths in detention camps during wars, the negative effects of neglecting human rights, and the explanation and importance of the articles of the human rights declaration.
According to the briefing, causes of deaths in detention camps range from starvation, thirst, and overcrowding to diseases, torture, and lack of medical attention. Amnesty International condemns these activities as gross violation of fundamental rights in the camp. The briefing is divided into parts that focus on the causes of deaths of 12 babies and young children due to measles, lack of medical attention, hunger and thirst; as well as the deaths of 136 males; arbitrary mass arrests and detention in Borno State; based on applicable laws.
AI therefore declares the situation in the North Eastern region of Nigeria a non-international armed conflict, which signifies crimes against humanity. The group thus recommends improvement strategies and calls on the Nigerian Government and International bodies to uphold human rights in Borno State, Nigeria even in the midst of terrorism and armed crimes.
This briefing also propagates the respect for human rights in every circumstance as crucial to the sustainable development of Nigeria and the world at large.
It is very apt in an era of multiple terrorisms and crimes across the world.
Publisher: Amnesty International
Date of Publication: 2016