The 176-paged report is a comprehensive global assessment on premature deaths and diseases that can be prevented through healthier environments.
The report by the World Health Organization analyses the latest data on the environment-disease nexus and the devastating impact of environmental hazards and risks on global health. An estimated 12.6 million people died as a result of living or working in an unhealthy environment in 2012, which is nearly 1 in 4 global deaths. Environmental risk factors such as air, water and soil pollution, chemical exposures, climate change and ultraviolet radiation contribute to more than 100 diseases and injuries.
In total, more than 100 diseases and injuries were covered in the report.
Facts from the report
- Twenty-three percent (23%) of global deaths are due to modifiable environmental factors.
- Stroke, heart disease, unintentional injuries, diarrhoea and cancers are the top five diseases caused by Environmental factors.
- Noncommunicable diseases cause about 65% of environmental related deaths.
- Deaths from infectious diseases like malaria and diarrhoea, often resulting form poor waste management and sanitation have declined.
- Yearly, 1.7 million deaths among children below the age of five are as a result of environmental factors. Twenty-six percent (26%) of total deaths among children under five are as a result of modifiable environmental factors.
- Older adults are the second most affected age group affected by unhealthy environments. Yearly 4.9 million deaths caused by unhealthy environments occur among senior citizens between the age of 50 and 75.
- In 2012, 7.3 million people living in low and middle income countries died as a result of indoor and outdoor pollution.
- Healthy Environments greatly contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals.
Year of Publication: 2012