The feeding of the growing population with the heart of achieving the Sustainable Development Goals has been termed possible through Organic Agriculture by researchers from the Washington State University.
Studies are showing that organic agriculture has a role to play in feeding the growing population sustainably. Although critics have labelled organic agriculture an inefficient utilisation of available land space, yet it is being argued that the pros of organic farming far outweigh the cons.
In proving this, the efficiency of organic farming during severe drought was brought to play. The system of organic farming is said to be able to thrive well during drought because of its high ability to retain water and nutrients. It was further stated that even in event of low yield, resultant high prices is justified by the effort by farmers to protect the ecosystem.
The system of organic farming, according to the researchers, makes better quality soil available because it stores the soil carbon and reduces soil erosion. It also reduces water pollution and greenhouse gas emission. It saves manpower and aids natural processes such as pollination.
The researchers, Reganold and Wachter identified the three major hindrances to organic agriculture as: no access to labour and market, cost of transition to organic certification and absence of storage facilities.
However, the report on this research was concluded by saying that no exclusive farming method can feed the world. A balance of different systems is needed.