Hunger seems to be increasing in almost all part of Africa and in South America, with millions of people going hungry in 2017, according to the State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2018 report.
Increased effort is needed because, there is a risk of falling very short of achieving the SDG target of hunger abolition by 2030, referring to the U.N. It was the third year in a row that global hunger levels have increased, following a decade of declines.
Increasing change in temperature; rainfall and changing seasons were all affecting the availability and quality of food. That’s why the Food and Agriculture Organization are saying ‘’ we need to act now,” said Holleman, senior economist for food security and nutrition at the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). It could get worse if hunger in Africa is not attended to instantly.
Last year, about 124 million people across 51 countries faced crisis levels of hunger, caused by conflicts and climate disasters, the U.N. said. Many nations struggling with persistent conflicts, including, Somalia, Afghanistan and South Sudan, also suffered from different kinds of climate shocks, such as drought and floods.
Absence of food had caused 2.3 million people to flee Venezuela as of June, the U.N has said. Insufficient access to food has also contributed to obesity because those with little financial resources may go for cheaper, energy-heavy foods that are high in fat, salt and sugar. Insufficient food could also lead to psychological and metabolic changes.
The feelings linked with food denial could then lead to disorders when you do have food. This experience is very terrible in Africa, if not attended to on time it might lead to an increase of death rate in Africa and early childhood increases the risk of overweight later in life.