The World Health Organisation revealed that too many babies were being born too small as over 20 million babies were born with low birth weight (less than 2500g; 5.5 pounds) in 2015. This is collated from about one in seven of all births worldwide.
These findings are documented in a new research paper by experts from the WHO; United Nations International Children’s Education Fund (UNICEF) and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and publish in Lancet Global Health.
The study estimates documenting this major health challenge, noted that birth weight is an important gauge of maternal and foetal health as well as an important determinant of perinatal, neonatal and postneonatal outcomes. Approximately 80per cent of new borns (2.5 million newborns) who die every year had birth weight under 2500g, because they were born too small for gestational age or both.
Gynecologists have advised to avoid low birth weight infant by starting prenatal care early, making significant lifestyle changes, keep pre-existing medical illnesses under control and maintaining healthy weight gain and good nutrition.